Why do certain countries seem so much bigger or smaller in comparison with others? The reason behind this is the Mercator Projection. If you have ever tried to draw a real object on a flat piece of paper, you will have realised what a challenge that is. Early cartographers were rather over tasked, when they attempted to put our three-dimensional planet on a flat map, until geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator had an idea.
Canada in South America
California moved onto the UK
China compared to Russia
If Japan was near Canada, it would look much larger on a map.